Sexual Assault

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Sexual Assault is an umbrella term that refers to any sexual activity where one person has not gained permission (consent) from the other person for the sexual activity (regardless of whether a relationship exists or not).

What is Consent?

Consent is a choice in which an individual agrees by free will to engage in sexual acts. Because a person is in a current relationship or had previously been in a relationship does not mean that person automatically consents to sexual activity. Consent and submission are not the same. Because someone may submit to a sex act does NOT mean that consent was given. If someone was sexually assaulted and did not fight during the assault, that does not mean the person gave consent.

Consent Cannot Be Given If …

-An individual is asleep
-An individual is intoxicated or drugged (on legal or illegal substances)
-An individual is unconscious
-An individual is not of the age of consent
-An individual is unable to communicate
-A person is threatened either verbally, in writing, or physically
-A person is physically forced to engage in an act
-A person is intimidated in to engaging in an act
-A person is cognitively impaired

Statistics

– In Colorado 1 in 4 women will experience sexual assault in their lifetime
– In Colorado, 1 in 17 men will experience sexual assault in their lifetime
– In the United States, approximately 1,900 women are sexually assaulted every day
– 73% of sexual assault survivors know their attackers
– 38% of rapists are a friend or acquaintance
– 28% are an intimate
– 7% are a relative
– It is estimated that under 10% of sexual assaults are actually reported to police

Effects of Rape

Victims of sexual assault are:
– 3 times more likely to suffer from depression
– 6 times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder
– 13 times more likely to abuse alcohol
– 26 times more likely to abuse drugs

The Offender:
– Average age of a rapist is 31 years old
– 52% are white
– 22% of imprisoned rapists report they are married
– Juveniles accounted for 16% of forcible rape arrests in 1995 and 17% those were arrested for other sex offenses

Information taken from www.movingtoendsexualassault.org

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